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  • Exploring the Environment to Protect Our Coasts

    Making a plan to rebuild a resilient New Jersey Coast and many ways to safeguard our natural resources for a brighter future.

     
    After math of hurricane Sandy in shore area

    Monmouth Rallies After Sandy’s Wrath

    On the morning of October 30, 2012, residents of the Jersey Shore woke to sand-laden streets, downed power lines and bridges, scattered boats, and persistent floodwaters. The lucky ones were only left without power—many for more than a week—but with their homes dry and intact. The less fortunate scrambled to find a safe haven after suffering total property loss, while others desperate for basic medical care sought refuge in local emergency shelters—including the one at the Multipurpose Activity Center (MAC) on the Monmouth University campus.

    When Superstorm Sandy accelerated toward the Eastern seaboard with winds stretching for more than a thousand miles before making landfall just south of Atlantic City, it left more than 130 dead and damage estimates topping $60 billion in its wake. The coastline was ravaged, and the ecosystem was turned upside down.

    Less than two months later, Monmouth University hosted the conference, “Rebuilding a Resilient New Jersey Shore.” Sponsored by New Jersey Future, the Monmouth University Kislak Real Estate Institute, and the Monmouth University Urban Coast Institute (UCI), the event marshaled the opinions of professors, planners, scientists, architects, government officials, and others to learn how communities can cope with the decade-long recovery effort, and how to better prepare for the inevitable next storm.

    “There are events where we vividly recall in our lives where we were and what we were doing. This was one of those times,” said Peter Reinhart, director of the Kislak Real Estate Institute and chairman of the Board of New Jersey Future.

    UCI Director Tony MacDonald emphasized the urgent need for a stronger community that day. “It’s about building better, not just rebuilding,” MacDonald said, adding that the push for a multi-agency response from both the private and public sectors is imperative.

    His passion as a protector of the environment and his proactive approach to accomplishing his goals have not waned since then.

    Since 2005, the UCI has been a staunch supporter of the public interest. Marking its 10th anniversary this September, the UCI serves as a forum for research, education, and collaboration in the development and implementation of science-based policies and programs. The UCI supports the stewardship of healthy, productive, and resilient coastal ecosystems and communities.

    The UCI, a Center of Distinction, builds on the University’s growing strengths in environmental science, business, economics, and public policy, and collaborates with the Kislak Real Estate Institute and Polling Institute.

    (continued below)

    Chris Wojcik, BS in Biology, Class of 1991  
     

    Chris Wojcik

    BS in Biology, '91

     
    Broker at Bowring Marsh, London, England
     

    “When I look back at my time at Monmouth, I fondly remember it for all of the lifelong friends that I made, the perspectives that I gained, and, of course, for the outstanding science education that was imparted to me by my professors. I feel as though I left Monmouth on a rock solid footing.”

    Ensuring the Safety of the Shore

    The Urban Coast Institute works hard to engage communities to protect the coastal habitats while creating a sustainable economy.

     
     
    Partners in the Community

    The UCI benefits from a $5 million challenge grant and continued support from Santander Bank to meet that challenge.

     
     
    The shore boardwalk after hurricane Sandy  

    On an already densely populated coastline, development continues to grow in New Jersey. Although this development is beneficial to the economy, it also places significant strains on already stressed coastal ecosystems and places an increasing number of people at risk from coastal hazards.

    The UCI seeks to balance these demands by educating the public about how better to initiate and steward policy change to ensure natural resources are protected.

    “All the communities are facing big questions and challenges about how we retain everything we love about the Jersey Shore, but also make sure that we’re planning for the future,” said MacDonald.

    “We can take some of the studies concerning the health of the Barnegat Bay, or the New York Harbor Estuary Program, and we can sit down with the communities, and say what can they do differently at the local level that can have a positive influence on their environment,” he added.

    In an effort to broaden its scope and carve out significant change in environmental policy and sustainability, the UCI recently exceeded a $5 million challenge grant to support a new marine science and policy initiative. The challenge grant, which is the first of its kind for the UCI and one of the largest for the University, will bolster efforts in the areas of coastal protection and conservation, storm recovery and resilience, and sustainable ocean use.

    “We have to invest in the coast,” said MacDonald, who added that the UCI’s top priority is coastal and ocean policy and management.

    The UCI also received a $1.6 million grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation to continue its work over two years to engage ocean stakeholders in the region in the development of the Mid-Atlantic Ocean Data Portal.

    The portal provides state-of-the-art mapping and visualization tools to better understand the ocean, reduce potential conflicts, and support regional ocean planning in collaboration with the Mid-Atlantic Regional Council on the Ocean (MARCO) and the Mid-Atlantic Regional Planning Body (RPB).

    The UCI continues to stay on the cutting edge with two research vessels, sophisticated sonar and hydrographic mapping equipment, and eight water quality monitoring stations.

    With these tools available, MacDonald stresses the importance of education: “Since we’re a mile from the shore, it is a great place to study marine science and to study the real environment.”

    Jim Nickels, marine scientist for the UCI, teaches a course in field methodology.

    “The students are not only learning about marine biology, but they’re actually learning how to study in the field, which is fantastic,” said MacDonald.

    Looking ahead at the next 10 years, MacDonald said, “Flooding is a huge issue, has always been in New Jersey. That gets worse as you increase impervious surface, and increase development upland in the watershed. How much development can we sustain, and also sustain the environment? We have some big challenges.”

    “I do think you see a change in the next generation to think about how to live sustainably on an individual basis, how to live sustainably in their community, and at Monmouth we increasingly are asking students to have a global perspective. How are we going to have a sustainable world in the future?”

    Students Prepare for Sandy Debris Removal Project with Underwater Golf

    UCI students practiced using Remote Operated Underwater Vehicles (ROVs) in the pool for a few months, and then took them to Sandy Hook and the Raritan Bay to help clean debris left by Superstorm Sandy, including marine debris like lost lobster pots and crab traps.

     
    Students preparing for sandy debris removal  
    The Global Sustainability Minor

    Meeting future environmental, societal, and economic challenges will require individuals who understand the complex interactions across scientific, economic, political, and social dimensions. The Global Sustainability Minor at Monmouth reflects the University’s commitment to be a leader in sustainability in the classroom, the region, and the world community.

    The program provides students with the tools to take a multidisciplinary approach to problem solving local, regional, and global issues.

     
    Close up of hands holding the world  
    Underwater Archeology

    In Summer 2015, UCI and Department of History and Anthropology professors and students used Monmouth research vessels and a remotely operated vehicle to examine shipwrecks along the shore and work with local collections of shipwreck artifacts. Students also read about and discussed famous shipwrecks and what they can tell us about history and culture.

     
    Student snorkeling under water